Water Technology: Hardness of water and types of hardness. Domestic water supply: Brief discussion of coagulation and sterilization using UV. Ozone, chlorine, Break point chlorination, Industrial: Water Softening (principle, reactions, advantages, limitations and Comparison of) – Lime-Soda process, Zeolite process, de-mineralization process, Boiler Troubles-(causes, effect on boiler operation and methods of prevention) – carry over-priming and foaming; Scales and sludge, caustic embrittlement , boiler corrosion; internal conditioning-phosphate, carbonate, calgon conditioning;
Numericals based on lime-soda and Zeolite process desalination-using electro dialysis and revere osmosis processes. Waste water treatment (introduction and importance) – Brief idea about tertiary treatment.
Corrosion- Causes and Consequence of corrosion, brief idea about electrochemical series, galvanic series, Factors influencing corrosion, Chemical and electrochemical corrosion, Mechanisms of electrochemical corrosion; Pilling Bed worth rule; Differential aeration theory of corrosion, Types of corrosion – Pitting; inter granular, Stress, Waterline and Galvanic corrosion, Corrosion prevention – a) Design and material selection, b) Cathodic and anodic protection, c) Protective surface coatings- tinning, galvanizing and powder coating, metal cladding and electroplating.
Cement: Portland cement – Raw material, Dry and wet process of manufacture, Proportion and role of microscopic constituents, Setting and hardening of cement; heat of hydration, soundness; Types of cement ( characteristics & application of ) – White, High alumina, Rapid hardening cement, Ready Mix Concrete, fly ash as cementing material( properties, advantages, limitations & application)
Green Chemistry: Introduction, prrcip0les, industrial application (supercritical fluids as Solvents, Example-super critical CO2 and concept of carbon credits, Battery technology – Types of batteries, important definition-energy density, power density, number of charge discharge cycles, a) Secondary battery – Lithium ion, Nickel – cadmium b) fuel cell application, advantages and limitation Example: Alkaline fuel Cell.
(Definition, Renewable Energy, non-renewable Energy) Fuels: Introduction: Calorific value Higher and lower calorific value; determination of calorific value by Bomb and Boys’ calorimeter; numerical based on calorific value determination; Solid fuels: Significance of Proximate, Ultimate analysis and useful heating value of coal; Numerical (using Dulong‟s formula) Composition, properties, advantages, limitations and applications of bio-diesel, LPG and CNG. Non-conventional energy sources: General applications advantages and limitations (solar, wind and hydro energy). Rocket propellants: Principle of propulsion and classification based on Nature of ingredients (Chemical, nonchemical) of propellants.
Liquid fuels: introduction of liquid fuels fractional distillation of crude petroleum (with boiling point wise separation of fractions), use of gasoline and diesel in internal combustion engine: Compression ratio, HUCR, relation between knocking and chemical constitution of liquid fuels, Octane and Cetane numbers, Doping agents (antiknocking agents- TEL, MTBE, ETBE), Fischer-Tropsch process for manufacturing synthetic gasoline; Cracking of petroleum - Principle,and types (fluid bed catalytic cracking ), catalysts used, advantages. Combustion calculations – Numericals based on combustion calculations for solid, liquid and gaseous fuels (calculation of theoretical air. Excess air and % composition of flue gas by mass and/or volume composition for wet and/or dry products of combustion, when i) theoretical, ii) excess air, iii) deficient air is supplied).
Lubricants- Introduction, Mechanisms (properties of required lubricants)-Hydrodynamic, boundary and extreme pressure lubrication; Classification-solid (e.g. graphite, MoS2), semisolid and liquid lubricants (fixed oils and mineral oils) Biodegradable lubricants-Properties, applications, advantages and limitations; Synthetic lubricants-Silicones, Lubricating emulsions; Properties of greases- Drop point test and consistency test; Properties of liquid lubricants (Definition and significance):-Acid value, saponification number, flash and fire point, viscosity and viscosity index, Aniline point, Cloud and Pour Point. Criteria for selection of lubricants for IC engine, refrigeration, gears, transformer, steam turbine and delicate instruments.
Biodegradable polymers – Synthesis (no mechanism), Properties and applications – polylactic acid (PLA) and Polycaprolactone(PCL). Conducting polymers- Synthesis, Properties and applications of polycetylene, polyaniline. Polypyrrole. Composite materials-introduction, general classification –Particle reinforced, fibre reinforced structural and its industrial applications. Liquid crystal polymers: (what are LCP, nematic smectic or colesteric) general properties and applications. Nanomaterials- Definition, nano scale. Carbon nano tubes (CNT) types (of CNTs, zigzag, armchair, chiral). And difference between Single Wall carbon NanoTube and Multi Wall carbon NanoTubes; applications of nanomaterials in medicine (Nanomedicine and diagnostics, Drug delivery system), environment (air and water pollution prevention, water filtration) and electronics (nanochips, CNT transistors, LEDs).
Bapurao Deshmukh College of Engg Sevagram, Wardha, MS- 442102
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